May 23, 2013
Morphological Typology (illustrations from SpecGram)
Descriptions adapted from The Lingua File:
Analytic languages: also known as isolating languages because they’re composed of isolated, or free, morphemes. Free morphemes can be words on their own, such as cat or happy. Languages that are purely analytic in structure don’t use any prefixes or suffixes, ever. However, it’s rare to find a language that is purely analytic or synthetic since most languages have characteristics of both. Morphological typology is like a spectrum in which languages fit in somewhere from analytic to polysynthetic (a subtype of synthetic languages we’ll get to in a moment).
and Vietnamese are good examples of analytic languages. […] English
, on the other hand, is one of the most analytic Indo-European languages, but is still usually classified as a synthetic language. […]
Types of synthetic language (i.e. languages that have prefixes/suffixes):
With these languages, morphemes within words are usually clearly recognizable in a way that makes it easy to tell where the morpheme boundaries are. Their affixes usually only have a single meaning. Turkish
, Hungarian, Japanese
, and Finnish are all in this group.
Similar to agglutinating languages, except that the morpheme boundaries are much more difficult to discern. Affixes are often fused with the stems, and can have multiple meanings. A prime example of a fusional language is Spanish
, especially when it comes to verbs. In the wordhablo
”I speak”, the -o
morpheme tells us that we’re dealing with a subject that is singular, first person, and in the present tense. It’s difficult to find a morpheme that means “speak”, however, since habl-
is not a morpheme. Fusional languages can be tricky!
Polysynthetic Languages: These languages are undoubtedly some of the most difficult to learn. They often have verbs that can express the entirety of a typical sentence in English, which they do by incorporating nouns into verbs forms. For example, the Sora language of India has one word that means “I will catch a tiger”. Many Native American languages are polysynthetic.
This is the shit I love.
May 22, 2013
May 19, 2013
You are allowed to have really good days for no real reason and really bad ones for no real reason. You are allowed to feel like shit and ten minutes later, think everything in the world is perfect. You dont need a reason to feel, emotions are a great part of the human experience, don’t deny them.
(Source: starsinthegutter, via ahhmmmburr)
May 15, 2013
Well there is a new best Arrested Development website of all time (via Recurring Developments)
May 13, 2013
(Source: , via yumyumcult)
May 12, 2013
These are… actually pretty inspiring.
“you are never taller than when you stand up for yourself”
thats just awesome
“You’re the result of 4 billion years of evolutionary success; F***ING ACT LIKE IT.”
My fave right there.
((I can’t help loving courage wolf or whatever this meme is called.))
I hate these things but I want to yell the evolutionary “success” one at some of my students practically daily..
(Source: macs-guide-to-the-galaxy, via ahhmmmburr)
And the highest paid public employee in your state is…
Ha. Hahaha. HAhahahahahaha
That’s fuckin stupid.
The cultural obsession with sports is fucking ridiculous.
I want to do a doc about the destructive nature of the sports industrial complex, specifically football and how it chews up and spits out so many young athletes and makes it difficult for them to lead normal productive lives after repeated head trauma.
I’d watch the hell out of that documentary
Thx 4 the pic, Kim! Putting all those years at PF to good use 😜
May 11, 2013
My picks from #safetytipsforladies on Twitter.
Did I blog this? Well, no matter, it’s amazing.